Women are 3 times more likely than men to be affected by this disease. It is also one of the most common cancers to affect young people between the ages of 15–24.
Thyroid cancer has become more and more prevalent in the past few years and is now the most common endocrine malignancy. There are 4 types of thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic) each with their own incidence rate and prognosis. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are considered differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). DTC is a common malignancy that comprises the majority (85–95%) of these cases. Although surgery is a widely accepted method of treatment for DTC, the extent of surgical management is still debated in many cases.