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Warrior Women

National Women’s History Month

In keeping with this month’s theme we wanted to highlight a few women in S.T.E.M. (Science-Technology-Engineering-Mathematics). Some of their contributions have influenced or laid the groundwork for radio-oncology—all of them are inspiring.

Alice Augusta Ball (July 24, 1892 – December 31, 1916) was an African American chemist who at the age of 23 developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment for leprosy until the 1940s. She was also the first woman and first African American to graduate from the University of Hawaii with a master’s degree. Read more on wikipedia…

Elizabeth Blackwell (3 February 1821 – 31 May 1910) was a British-born physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school and promoted the education of women in medicine in the United States and abroad. Read more on wikipedia…

Alice Ball, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Hildegard von Bingen, Elizabeth Blackwell

Left to Right: Alice Ball, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Hildegard von Bingen, Elizabeth Blackwell

Hildegard von Bingen (1098 – 17 September 1179) was a 12th century German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer and polymath considered to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany. She wrote botanical and medicinal texts like Causӕ et Curӕ, an exploration of the human body, its connections to the natural world, and the causes and cures of various diseases. Read more on wikipedia…

Marie Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a physicist and chemist who was the first woman to win a Nobel prize. She developed the theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centers of medical research today. Read more on wikipedia…

Maria Goeppert Mayer (June 28, 1906 – February 20, 1972) was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus. She was the second female Nobel laureate in physics, after Marie Curie. Read more on wikipedia…

Marie Curie, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughn

Left to Right: Marie Curie, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Katherine Johnson (Hidden Figures), Dorothy Vaughn (Hidden Figures)

Hidden Figures is a film set in 1961 at NASA and depicts the lives and work of a group of female African American mathematicians, Dorothy Vaughn, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson (nee Goble) at the racially and gender segregated West Computing facilities. Dorothy Vaughn became the first black supervisor at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and one of the few female supervisors. NACA soon after became NASA. Whereupon, Vaughn and many of the former West Computers transferred to the new Analysis and Computation Division (ACD) which was a fully integrated working environment. Read more on wikipedia…

Henrietta Lacks (born Loretta Pleasant; August 1, 1920 – October 4, 1951) was an African American woman whose cervical cancer tumor was biopsied at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland in 1951. The cells harvested during her procedure were later cultured to create the cell line known as HeLa, a line which is still used for medical research. Read more on wikipedia…

Barbara McClintock (June 16, 1902 – September 2, 1992) was an American scientist and cytogeneticist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. McClintock discovered transposition and used it to demonstrate that genes are responsible for turning physical characteristics on and off. She developed theories to explain the suppression and expression of genetic information from one generation of plants to the next. Due to skepticism at the time her research into the mechanisms of genetic change did not become well understood until the 1960s and 1970s. Read more on wikipedia…

Mary Jackson, Henrietta Lacks, Barbara McClintock, May Owen

Left to Right: Mary Jackson (Hidden Figures), Henrietta Lacks, Barbara McClintock, May Owen

May Owen (1891/2–1988) was a Texas physician who discovered that the talcum powder used on surgical gloves caused infection and scar tissue to form on the peritoneum. Read more on wikipedia…

Radium Girls were female factory workers who contracted radiation poisoning from painting watch dials with self-luminous paint at the United States Radium factory in Orange, New Jersey, around 1917. The women, who had been deliberately misled to believe that the paint was harmless, ingested deadly amounts of radium by licking their paintbrushes to give them a fine point. As a result, many of the women later began to suffer from anemia, bone fractures and necrosis of the jaw, a condition now known as radium jaw. Read more on wikipedia…

Links

Meet Our Speech Pathologists: Cindy Ganz, SLP and Cathy Lazarus, PhD

Cathy Lazarus, PhD and Cindy Ganz, SLP

Important Days in March

March 8th
International Women’s Day
internationalwomensday.com

Wednesday, March 8th is the day we call on everyone to help forge a better working world—a more inclusive, gender-equal world. #beboldforchange #internationalwomensday

March 30th
National Doctor’s Day

A day to show your appreciation to your doctor or your care team. #nationaldoctorday #doctorsday

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